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     Key Survey Findings on Health Services 2004

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Explanatory Note


The data presented in this report were compiled from the results of the Community, Social & Personal Services Survey 2004 and Non-Profit Organisations Survey 2004. The objective of the surveys is to gather information on Singapore¨s health services to enable in-depth analyses and understanding of the performance, structure and profile of this industry. The data and analytical findings are used extensively for the compilation of national accounts, input-output tables and other related studies. In addition, the results are used by policy makers, economic planners and academicians, business community and researchers in their work.

Scope & Coverage

The health services industry comprises hospitals, western clinics and specialised medical services, non-western clinics, dental services and other medical services. The detailed activities for each group are presented below:


Clinics (Western)

Clinics and other general medical services (Western)

Specialised medical services including day surgical centres

Clinics (Non-Western)

Clinics and other general medical services (Non-Western)

Dental Services

Other Medical Services

Nursing and personal care facilities (including hospices)

Medical laboratories

Radiology services

Medical evacuation/ travel medicine services

Home healthcare services

Other medical activities nec1


1 Not elsewhere classified

The data include all establishments and statutory boards engaged in health services but exclude government ministries and departments.


Definition of Terms

Establishment Defined as a business or organisation unit engaged in one activity and operating in a single location.
Employment Refers to paid employees, working directors, working proprietors/partners and unpaid family workers. It includes those temporarily away on medical or casual leave.
Employees Employment excluding working proprietors and partners.
Operating Receipts Includes those arising from services rendered, commission charges, sale of goods, rental of premises, machinery and equipment and head office remittance for current expenses.
Operating Expenditure Refers to all current expenses (except capital expenditure) connected to the business operations such as purchases of goods and services and remuneration. It includes depreciation and adjustment for changes in stocks.
Operating Surplus Refers to the amount of operating receipts less operating expenditure plus depreciation of fixed assets.
Value Added (At Basic Price) Comprises the value of operating surplus, remuneration and indirect taxes. The impact of taxes including Goods & Services Tax (and subsidies) on products is removed.
Remuneration Comprises wages and salaries, employers¨ contribution to Central Provident Fund/pension funds and other benefits of all employees as well as fees paid to non-working directors.
Depreciation The value, at current replacement cost, of reproducible fixed assets such as buildings, plants and machinery used during a period of time as a result of normal wear and tear, foreseen obsolescence and the normal rate of accidental damage.
Profitability Ratio Defined as the ratio of operating surplus to operating receipts. It shows the proportion of operating receipts that is converted to profits.
Earnings-Expenditure Ratio Defined as the ratio of operating surplus to operating expenditure. It measures cost effectiveness.

Source: Media Release 28 Apr 2006