Established in 1999



Public Others Government Business Arts Community
Entertainment Lifestyle Services People Travel Internet Stuff



     Health - Birdflu




 Singapore to hold large-scale flu pandemic exercise

21-22 Jul 2006

"This large scale exercise will involve over 1,000 personnel from MOH, the Ministry of Education (MOE), home-front and related agencies such as the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS), Immigration and Checkpoint Authority (ICA), Maritime Port Authority (MPA) and the People's Association..."



     - Singapore prepares for flu pandemic



Suspension of poultry imports from Malaysia

AVA has concurrently imposed a suspension on imports of poultry and poultry products from Malaysia with immediate effect (18 Aug 2004).

AVA would like to assure the public that poultry and poultry products in Singapore are safe for consumption.


Avian influenza in birds

A number of countries in the region have reported incidents of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry. These countries include Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, South Korea, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. H5N1 avian influenza has been reported in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam whilst Pakistan and Taiwan have reported weaker strains of avian influenza.


As of 4 February 2004, China has reported that it had confirmed or suspected avian influenza in one third of the country. Provinces where confirmed highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been reported in poultry are Guangxi, Hubei and Hunan. Suspected avian influenza outbreaks have so far been reported in the provinces of Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Yunnan, Zhejiang and the Xinjiang Uygar Autonomous Regions.


As of 2 February 2004, the H5N1 avian influenza virus has been reported in 36 of Thailand's 76 provinces. The affected regions are located mainly in the Kingdom's central, northern and northeastern provinces.


As of 3 February 2004, 52 of Vietnam's 64 provinces have detected outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in poultry.

Situation update on human cases of avian influenza

As of 4 February 2004, a total of 17 persons have been confirmed to be infected with H5N1 avian influenza in Thailand and Vietnam. Human cases of H5N1 have only been confirmed in Thailand and Vietnam. All the 4 cases in Thailand have died and of the 13 cases in Vietnam, 9 have died. All the human cases have had contact with infected poultry except for a family cluster of 4 cases in Vietnam.

Investigation of possible human-to-human transmission

Although there is no firm evidence of human-to-human transmission of avian influenza at this point in time, the World Health Organization (WHO) is investigating into the possibility of this mode of transmission involving a family cluster of severe respiratory illness in Vietnam. The cluster involves a 31-year-old man, his two sisters, aged 23 and 30 years old who attended to him while he was ill prior to his hospitalization, and his 28-year-old wife. Both the man and one sister are reported to have handled ducks while preparing a meal on 4 January 2003. The man and his two sisters have since died whilst his wife has fully recovered. Laboratory tests have confirmed H5N1 infection in his sisters. Neither the man nor his wife was tested. Direct human-to-human transmission due to close exposure, contact with infected poultry or some other environmental source of infection e.g. bird droppings are possible routes of infection.

Advised Vigilance

All medical practitioners in Singapore have been advised to remain vigilant for the possible emergence of Avian Influenza in Singapore, and to implement strict infection control procedures in the management of the suspected Avian Influenza patients at all times.

The Ministry advises that travellers to countries in Asia with documented H5N1 outbreaks should avoid exposure to live poultry.

Other Resources

Please refer to the AVA's Avian Influenza website and MITA's Bird Flu website for information on the preventive measures taken as well as related press reports.

For answers to some common questions on Avian Influenza, please refer to the FAQs on Avian Influenza. Find out more about:

Ministry of Health News Release 5 Feb 2004

On 13 January 2004, the World Health Organization reported that an outbreak of avian influenza (bird flu) among chickens in Vietnam might be linked to the deaths of twelve people. Laboratory tests have confirmed the presence of H5N1 avian influenza in these patients.

Influenza viruses that infect birds are called "avian influenza viruses". Avian influenza A viruses do not usually infect humans. However, several instances of human infections have been reported since 1997.

Although the primary mode of transmission in human cases of avian influenza virus infection is from bird to human, all influenza viruses have the potential to change and it is possible that an avian influenza virus could change so that it could infect humans and spread more easily from person to person. Because these viruses do not commonly infect humans, there is little or no immune protection against them in the human population.

So far, H5N1 avian influenza has not been detected in Singapore, either in humans or poultry. Based on current available evidence, bird flu does not present as a significant public health threat to Singapore. However, MOH and the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) will be monitoring the situation closely and will provide regular updates to the public should the situation change.

For more further information, visit the FAQs on Avian Influenza to find out more about:

Ministry of Health News Release 16 Jan 2004  is a government Web site with basic information, FAQs and the latest news on the bird flu or avian influenza.