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     Health Ministry forms national committee to combat HIV/AIDS

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Prevention of HIV infection

The most effective way to prevent HIV infection is to remain faithful to one's spouse/partner and to avoid casual sex and sex with prostitutes. A HIV infected person looks and feels normal during the early stage of the infection. It is therefore not possible to tell if a person is infected or not by looking at his/her appearance.

Persons who engage in high-risk behaviour i.e. multiple sexual partners, casual sex or sex with prostitutes, are strongly advised to use condoms to reduce their risk of HIV infection. It is a criminal offence for persons who know that they are infected with HIV not to inform their sex partners of their HIV status before sexual intercourse. Persons who engage in high risk sexual practices are advised not to donate blood.

Persons who have unprotected sex while engaging in high-risk behaviour have a higher risk of HIV infection. They should go for HIV testing regularly so that the disease is detected as early as possible. Treatment can significantly delay the onset of AIDS and reduce the risk of death. HIV testing is available in most medical clinics. The identities of persons who come forward for testing and those who are found to be HIV positive will be kept strictly confidential. All women who are pregnant are also encouraged to go for HIV screening so that treatment to prevent transmission from mother to infant could be taken early for those who are found to be HIV infected.

AIDS is not transmitted through normal day-to-day contacts with a HIV infected person at home, in school or at the workplace. You cannot get AIDS from coughs, sneezes, shaking hands, hugging, sharing of food and cutlery, sharing of toilets, etc.

TABLE 1 NUMBER OF SINGAPOREANS REPORTED WITH HIV INFECTION/AIDS (1985 - Jun 2006)

Year
HIV/AIDS
AIDS
Male
Female
Total
Rate*
Male
Female
Total
Rate*
1985
 
2
0
2
0.8
0
0
0
0
1986
 
6
1
7
2.8
1
0
1
0.4
1987
 
10
0
10
3.9
3
0
3
1.2
1988
 
15
0
15
5.8
6
0
6
2.3
1989
 
9
1
10
3.8
5
0
5
1.9
1990
 
17
0
17
6.2
8
0
8
2.9
1991
 
39
3
42
15
12
0
12
4.3
1992
 
49
6
55
19.3
17
1
18
6.3
1993
 
58
6
64
22
19
3
22
7.6
1994
 
76
10
86
29
44
4
48
16.2
1995
 
102
9
111
36.8
51
5
56
18.6
1996
 
123
16
139
45.3
89
3
92
30
1997
 
157
16
173
55.4
80
8
88
28.2
1998
 
167
32
199
62.7
112
13
125
39.4
1999
 
171
35
206
63.9
125
15
140
43.5
2000
 
193
33
226
69.3
128
15
143
43.8
2001
 
204
33
237
71.4
136
16
152
45.8
2002
 
206
28
234
69.3
133
13
146
43.2
2003
 
212
30
242
70.4
130
13
143
41.6
2004
 
290
21
311
89.2
162
11
173
49.6
2005
 
287
30
317**
89.2
91
9
100
28.1
Jun 2006
140
9
149
 
63
3
66
 
Total
2,533
319
2,852
 
1,415
132
1,547
 

* per million population
** An additional 62 cases who were diagnosed with HIV in late-2005 have been added to the figures for 2005. The total number of cases reported in 2005 has thus been revised to 317 from 255 previously

 

TABLE 2 DISTRIBUTION OF HIV INFECTED SINGAPOREANS BY MODES OF TRANSMISSION (1985 - Jun 2006)

Mode of Transmission 1985-99 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Jan - Jun 2006
Sexual Orientation
Heterosexual
789
190
181
181
177
188
185
88
Homosexual
157
12
22
30
40
72
87
39
Bisexual      
114
16
16
12
14
22
14
6
Intravenous drug use
23
3
6
6
4
7
4
7
Blood Transfusion
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Renal Transplant overseas
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Perinatal (mother to child)
12
1
2
2
1
4
3
0
Uncertain
33
4
10
3
6
18
24
9
Total
1136
226
237
234
242
311
317
149

 

TABLE 3 HIV INFECTED SINGAPOREANS BY MARITAL STATUS (1985 - JUN 2006)

Marital Status 1985 - 2005
Jan - Jun 2006
Male Female Total Male Female Total
Single
1442
63
1505
87
1
88
Married
668
191
859
42
5
47
Divorced/Separated
224
32
256
8
2
10
Widowed
59
24
83
3
1
4
Total
2393
310
2703
140
9
149

 

TABLE 4 HIV/AIDS INFECTED SINGAPOREANS BY ETHNIC GROUP (1985 - Jun 2006)

Ethnic Group 1985 - 2005
Jan - Jun 2006
Number % Number %
Chinese
2255
83.4
122
81.9
Malay
241
8.9
18
12.1
Indian/Sikh/Pakistani
123
4.6
7
4.7
Others
84
3.1
2
1.3
Total
2703
100
149
100

 

TABLE 5 HIV INFECTED SINGAPOREANS BY AGE AND SEX (1985 - Jun 2006)

Age at Diagnosis (Years) 1985 - 2005
Jan - Jun 2006
Male Female Total Male Female Total
0 - 9
11
13
24
0
0
0
10 -19
18
4
22
0
0
0
20 -29
371
112
483
27
2
29
30 -39
848
85
933
40
4
44
40 - 49
634
48
682
30
0
30
50 - 59
290
33
323
26
3
29
60 & above
221
15
236
17
0
17
Total
2393
310
2703
140
9
149

 

TABLE 6 HIV/AIDS INFECTED SINGAPOREANS BY OCCUPATION (1985 - Jun 2006)

Occupation
1985 - 2005
Jan - Jun 2006
Number
%
Number
%
Service/Sales
516
19.1
19
12.8
Production Craftsman / Assemblers
440
16.3
11
7.4
Cleaner / Labourers
315
11.7
13
8.7
Managerial
231
8.5
7
4.7
Technical
194
7.2
10
6.7
Clerical
142
5.3
2
1.3
Professional
133
4.9
26
17.4
Housewives
128
4.7
1
0.7
Others
257
9.5
31
20.8
Unemployed
347
12.8
29
19.5
Total
2703
100
149
100

 

Source: www.moh.gov.sg Press Release 27 Nov 2006