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Enhanced safety requirements for motorised bicycles & riders


With the more frequent use of motorised bicycles on the roads, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) and the Traffic Police (TP) will introduce a revised set of requirements for motorised bicycles and riders from 1 January 2005, to enhance the safety of riders and other road users.

To ensure that the motorised bicycles sold in the market meet the approved technical requirements, LTA will also introduce a type- approval scheme for motorised bicycles from 1 October 2004.

Revised Requirements

Technical Requirements

Motorised bicycles, with a maximum power output not exceeding 200 watts, are treated like conventional bicycles and are exempted from registration with the LTA for use on public roads.

In addition to this condition on maximum power output, LTA will introduce the following additional requirements, to take into account the safety and environmental concerns associated with the use of motorised bicycles:

1) The construction of a motorised bicycle must be similar to that of a conventional pedal bicycle;

2) A motorised bicycle can only be powered by an electric source (e.g. battery), and not be petrol-driven;

3) The motor power of the motorised bicycle can only cut in when the rider starts to pedal; and

4) The motor power of the motorised bicycle must be cut off when it reaches 25km/h or when the rider stops pedaling.

Motorised bicycles, with a power output greater than 200 watts, are required to meet the technical and registration requirements of motorcycles, if they are to be used on public roads.

Type-approval & Certification Scheme

Every new make and model of motorised bicycle must obtain type-approval from any of the LTA-authorised inspection centres. Each approved bicycle must also be affixed with a seal by the inspection centre, before it can be sold or used on public roads in Singapore.

Prospective buyers are advised not to buy any motorised bicycle that is not affixed with a seal, if they wish to continue to use it on public roads from 1 January 2005.

Existing owners will need to obtain a seal for their motorised bicycle from any LTA-authorised inspection centres to ensure compliance with the new technical requirements.

Rider Requirements

For road safety reasons, TP will require all riders of motorised bicycles to be at least 16 years old, and they must wear a bicycle helmet when riding the motorised bicycles. These new requirements will take effect from 1 January 2005. Carrying pillions is also not allowed.

Given the higher sustainable speed of motorised bicycles compared to that of conventional bicycles, riders of motorised bicycles are required to wear a suitable bicycle helmet so as to protect against head injuries. TP also see the merit of having motorised bicycle riders of a certain maturity level as this enhances their interaction with other road users.

The age requirement imposed on such riders is not unique in Singapore. Overseas countries like US, UK and Germany also impose an age limit on users of motorised bicycles, ranging from 14 to 16 years of age.

Cyclists are a vulnerable group of road users. We urge all motorists to help ensure road safety by keeping a lookout for this group.

Penalties for Non-compliance

To ensure the safe usage of motorised bicycles, penalties will be imposed for the non-compliance of the new requirements.

From 1 January 2005, suppliers who sell motorised bicycles without the type-approval seal will be liable to a fine of up to $2,000, or a jail term up to three months for the first offence. For subsequent offences, they are liable to a fine of up to $5,000 or a jail term of up to six months.

Owners are advised not to modify their bicycles after they are type-approved and are affixed with a seal. This is to ensure that their bicycles remain compliant with the technical requirements and are safe for use.

Owners, who made modifications to their motorised bicycles resulting in them not complying with the technical requirements, will be liable to a fine of up to $2,000 or a jail term of up to three months. Repeat offenders are liable to a fine of up to $5,000 or a jail term up to six months.

Riders of motorised bicycles, who do not comply with the rider requirements on public roads, are liable to a fine up to $1,000 or a jail term of up to three months.

Public Information

Notices, detailing the revised requirements, will be made available at the LTA-authorised inspection centres.

Members of the general public who wish to obtain more information about the technical requirements can contact the LTA Hotline at 1800-CALL LTA (1800-2255 582) or visit the ONE.MOTORING website at

They can call Traffic Police at 6547 0000 to inquire about riders' requirements and general traffic rules pertaining to cycling on public roads. They can also go online to and for a list of Frequently Asked Questions.

Source: Land Transport Authority Media Release 30 Sep 2004


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1 October 2004