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The WEATHER on THURSDAY (24 Oct 2002): Slightly hazy.    WEATHER OUTLOOK:  FRIDAY & SATURDAY: Slightly hazy. Late morning and early afternoon showers are expected.    WATER TIDES (this month)  High tide   12.43am  2.8m    12.16pm  2.9m      SUN Sunrise  6.47am    Sunset  6.52pm   MOON  Moonrise  9.11pm   Moonset   8.51am    PSI: 62 (moderate)   TEMPERATURE: 26-33 degrees Celsius (The weather is updated daily before 8am Singapore time) For more information, call Meteorological Service Singapore Tel: (65) 6542 7788.

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Singapore's current population trends (1971 - 2001)

Population changes from 1971 to 2001

From a high fertility and high mortality society in the 1960s, Singapore has transformed and reached a state of low fertility and low mortality today. These two trends influence Singapore's population structure and growth.

Singapore's total population was 4,131,200 as at June 2001. There were 3.3 million residents and 0.8 million non-residents. Singapore residents, comprising Singapore citizens and Singapore permanent residents, formed 80 per cent of the population.

The population in 2001 grew by 2.8 per cent over the previous year, with non-residents contributing significantly to the growth. 

Number ('000)


Total Pop.

S'pore Residents



2,074.5 2,013.6 60.9


2,413.9 2,282.1 131.8
1990 3,047.1 2,735.9 311.3
2000 4,017.7 3,263.2 754.5
2001 4,131.2 3,319.1 812.1

* Foreigners staying or working in Singapore for 1 year or more

Singapore's resident population has grown older over the years. The median age of the resident population rose from 20 years in 1970 to 35 in 2001.

The post-war baby boomers aged 5 - 24 years in 1970 moved upwards to the age group of 35 - 54 years in 2001. Elderly persons aged 65 years or older accounted for 7.4 per cent of the resident population in 2001, up from 6.0 per cent in 1990.   

In 2001, a relatively high proportion of males and females in their thirties were not married. At age 30 - 34 years, 31 per cent of males and 20 per cent of females were still single. At age 40 - 44 years, some 14 - 15 per cent of the males and females were still not married in 2001.

In 2001, 61 per cent of the residents were married, compared with 57 per cent in 1990. This was due largely to the changes in age structure with more older married persons.

In 2001, total live-births fell to 41,500, the lowest since 1986's 38,400. The total fertility rate was at a historic low of 1.41 children in 2001, lower than 1986's 1.43. Since 1977, the fertility rate was been below the replacement rate of 2.1.

There has been a delay in childbearing over the years. The median age of mothers who gave birth to their babies in 2001 was 31 years old, two years older than the mothers in 1990. For first-time mothers, the median age at childbearing has increased from 28 years to 29 years over the same period.

Total fertility rates for all races declined. In 2001, the rate for the Chinese remained the lowest at 1.2 children per woman, less than half that of the Malays at 2.5.

Total Fertility Rate By Ethnic Group - Per Woman

Year Total Chinese Malays Indians
1990 1.83 1.65 2.69 1.89
2000 1.60 1.43 2.54 1.58
2001 1.41 1.21 2.45 1.5

The average family size has grown smaller. Ever-married resident females had an average of 2.5 children in 2001, compared to 2.8 in 1990. Graduate ever-married women had the smallest family size of 1.3 children in 2001 compared to 1.4 in 1990. 

The live expectancy at birth in 2001 increased to 78.4 years from 74.3 years in 1990. Although females had higher life expectancies at birth than males, the gender gap declined from 4.5 years in 1990 to 4.0 years in 2001.

Source: Statistics Singapore Newsletter Sep 2002

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14 Oct - 14 Dec 2002

National Library Board

Songs 2002 Competition

Closing Date: 25 Oct 2002

Ex-Classmates Directory

Find your classmates!

NEW WEB SITES is now 165 Squadron Air Defence Brigade, Air Defence Systems Division, Republic Of Singapore Air Force (RSAF).  If you are a SingNet customer, you can order prints of your digital shots in three easy steps online at this Web site - jointly run by SingNet & HP - and get your prints mailed to you in special reinforced packaging within three days. Best of all, pay for it at the end of the month through your SingNet account so there's no hassle of worrying about using credit cards online to pay for your purchase.

Click New Websites for the rest of the list.

Eye on Singapore

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Current Issues Affecting Our Community

Singapore - A Global City Stamp Series

Reincarnate as a Singaporean?

Govt accepts recommendations for changes to Junior College curriculum

I-Mobile - new magazine for the SMS generation

New contactless cards for single-trip travel on MRT & LRT

PM GOH's Speech: Arrest of 2nd group of Jemaah Islamiyah members

Whither literature in our schools?

NLB's Read-A-Thon programme for children

Esplanade - Theatres On The Bay opens 

Merlion re-opens to the public

Cockpit Hotel becomes history

Singapore's Tomorrow; Tomorrow's Singapore: Excerpt of speech by DPM LEE Hsien Loong

Net Dates - a new database for singles

United & US Airlines move forward with codesharing agreement

Really Open House at The Esplanade?

Book Review: Heart Work

Ah Boy & Ah Girl Groups - seeking ex-schoolmates

The Teacher's Dilemma

Has the National Library got to go?


BANKmates: Get a Personal Assistant to do your errands in Singapore.

We are now 4575 pages thick and growing.

Public Holidays DEEPAVALI is the next public holiday. It falls on 4 Nov 2002.


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24 October 2002

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